07 Apr What is tax avoidance?
The issue of who pays what tax when will be a hot topic as the general election gathers pace. And a number of schemes and companies have come under scrutiny in recent months.
HMRC has previously published a list of ten items that serial tax avoiders need to be aware of.
Here’s what HMRC has said:
- HMRC is serious about stopping avoidance: the Government is taking unprecedented steps to clamp down on the small minority who try to avoid paying tax that is legally due.
- Other people are getting out of avoidance: increasing numbers of people involved in multiple avoidance schemes are approaching HMRC to settle up so that they can put the past behind them and protect their reputation.
- HMRC wants to help tax avoiders to get out of avoidance: HMRC will work with avoiders who demonstrate a commitment to resolving their avoidance arrangements to finalise their tax liability and will provide certainty over payment terms.HMRC has set up a single point of contact to help establish the possible terms for exit from each scheme a serial avoider uses.
- HMRC is moving more quickly to tackle serial avoiders: as they close in and increase their focus on this minority, HMRC will look ever more carefully at those who use multiple schemes.
- The tax avoider is the one who is responsible: even if a promoter or agent has arranged the avoidance scheme for the user, the avoider remains responsible for their own tax affairs and what is put on their tax return. Serial avoiders will personally have to provide HMRC with information and documents regarding their tax affairs.
- HMRC has a special unit looking at tax avoiders: the Serial Avoiders Unit is identifying users of multiple schemes who choose not to approach HMRC to settle their affairs.
- Tax avoiders may personally have to attend meetings with HMRC investigators: HMRC will ask questions about their tax affairs and will be checking that they have the full facts about their arrangements.
- HMRC will look at all the tax avoider’s tax affairs: serial avoiders will be subject to a more co-ordinated approach to challenge and resolve their tax affairs. HMRC will look at their current activity, not just enquiries that are already open. And they will look at all the entities and structures the tax avoiders are connected with, to challenge any avoidance and evasion in all areas of their affairs.
- Tax avoiders may have to pay up front: HMRC will fundamentally reduce the incentive to engage in serial tax avoidance and recover all duties legally due at the earliest opportunity. Multiple users of schemes may receive Accelerated Payment Notices before other users of a scheme.
- There are heavy sanctions: HMRC will evaluate the behaviour of each serial avoider and this could result in penalties for careless or deliberate behaviour or for any failure to disclose avoidance. Deliberately misleading or concealing information from HMRC could lead to prosecution and criminal conviction.
None of the above comments should stop you considering strategies that minimise your tax position based on current law and best practice. One thing that HMRC has failed to mention in the above list is the number of taxpayers in the UK who pay too much tax because they failed to claim allowances and reliefs available.
Planning is important and good advice critical – especially if your tax affairs are complex.
Alan Davidson is a Chartered Accountant, director and founder of Pentins Business Advisers, entrepreneur and author of the Amazon best-seller “Achieve Your Business Vision”. With over 25 years of helping businesses succeed, Alan knows how to build a business with real value, while avoiding costly mistakes.